Concussions occur in all sports with the highest incidence rate in American football, hockey, rugby, soccer, and basketball. In addition to concussions caused by a single severe impact, multiple minor impacts may also cause brain injury.
This is why concussion is said to be a significant problem, whether it is received through a high impact sport, a car crash, or other means. Difficult in detection and proper management, concussion has proven to have high human and financial cost.
This is why we’ve put together a list of 10 important facts you need to know about concussion which might also help you detect whether you’ve been concussed:
1. In certain severe concussions, symptoms can linger for weeks or even months, due to a complication called post-concussion syndrome.
2. Most cases of traumatic brain injury are concussions.
3. A concussion is a mild form of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. A concussion can also be caused by violent movement or jarring of the head or neck.
4. Soccer is the most common sport with concussion risk for females (50% chance for concussion).
5. A professional football player will receive an estimated 900 to 1500 blows to the head during a season.
6. Fewer than 10% of sport related concussions involve a Loss of Consciousness (e.g., blacking out, seeing stars, etc.) making concussions harder to detect and diagnose.
7. 78% of concussions occur during games (as opposed to practices).
8. Headache (85%) and Dizziness (70-80%) are most commonly reported symptoms immediately following concussions for injured athletes.
9. Headache (85%) and Dizziness (70-80%) are most commonly reported symptoms immediately following concussions for injured athletes.
10. It is also estimated that 53% of high school athletes have sustained a concussion before participation in high school sports, and 36% of collegiate athletes have a history of multiple concussions.
If you suspect that you have been concussed, you should seek medical help immediately. The optimal option is to go through a balance assessment when you are healthy and if a concussion is suspected at any point you should go back for a reassessment that will clearly show differences in your biomechanics.